Water transport in biological membranes

Cover of: Water transport in biological membranes |

Published by CRC Press in Boca Raton, Fla .

Written in English

Read online

Subjects:

  • Water -- Physiological transport,
  • Cell membranes

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographies and indexes.

Book details

Statementeditor, Gheorghe Benga.
ContributionsBenga, Gheorghe.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQH509 .W38 1989
The Physical Object
Pagination2 v. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL2040125M
ISBN 10084936082X, 0849360838
LC Control Number88016654

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Abstract. Understanding membrane structure and function is one of the major unresolved problems in life science. Membranes are intimately involved in almost all biological processes including: establishing and maintaining trans-membrane gradients; compartmentalizing biochemical reactions into distinct functional domains; controlling transport into and out of cells; inter- and intra-cellular Additional Physical Format: Online version: Water transport in biological membranes.

Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press, © (OCoLC) Document Type: The main purpose of this book is to provide in-depth presentation of physical techniques for measuring water transport and their applications to a variety of biological membranes, from model membrane systems to cell membranes, and then from isolated cells to multicellular barrier systems, such as epithelia or even whole  › Books › New, Used & Rental Textbooks › Medicine & Health Sciences.

Purchase Molecular Mechanisms of Water Transport Across Biological Membranes, Volume - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNTransport and Diffusion across Cell Membranes is a comprehensive treatment of the transport and diffusion of molecules and ions across cell membranes.

This book shows that the same kinetic equations (with appropriate modification) can describe all the specialized membrane transport systems: the pores, the carriers, and the two classes of :// Search in this book series.

Molecular Mechanisms of Water Transport Across Biological Membranes. Thomas Zeuthen, Wilfred D. Stein. VolumePages () Molecular mechanisms of water transport in the eye.

Steffen Hamann. Pages Download PDF. Chapter :// Gheorghe Benga is the author of Water Transport and Biological Membranes ( avg rating, 0 ratings, 0 reviews), Water Transport in Biological Membranes biological membranes: functions, Water transport in biological membranes book & transport university of png school of medicine and health sciences discipline of biochemistry and molecular biology bmls ii / b pharm ii / bds ii vj temple 1 functions structures PPP   Biological Membranes (a) outline the roles of membranes within cells and at the surface of cells (b) state that plasma (cell surface) membranes are partially permeable barriers Plasma membranes are partially permeable meaning they let some molecules through but not others.

(c) describe, with the aid of diagrams, the fluid mosaic model of [ ] Membrane Diffusion The simplest kind of transport is the unassisted diffusion of solutes across membranes (see Figure 1a).

The kinds of molecules that transit in this fashion are more soluble in oil than water and so readily dissolve in and then spontaneously Special Issue on Water Transport Across Biological Membranes It seems that you're in USA.

We have a dedicated site for USA. Search Menu Molecular water pumps. *immediately available upon purchase as print book shipments may be delayed due to the COVID crisis. ebook access is temporary and does not include ownership of the ebook. Only  › Biomedical Sciences › Human Physiology.

Implementation of membranes for water treatment has progressed using more advanced membranes made from new materials and employed in various configurations. An increasing scarcity in fresh water sources fueled a push towards alternative resources such as ocean water. In the s, exploration began into using membranes for water As the First International Conference on Water and Ions in Biological Systems (Bucharest, June) was appreciated as a success, a second one was organized in the fall of the year under the sponsorship of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the Romanian Academy of Medical Sciences, the Romanian Biophysical Society (Union of Societies for 14) The movement of water across biological membranes can best be predicted by E) water potentials.

15) An open beaker of pure water has a water potential (Ψ) of ISBN: OCLC Number: Description: xiv, pages, [10] pages of color plates: illustrations ; 24 cm.

Contents: Protein-water interactions / V. Adrian Parsegian --The lipid-water interface / R.P. Rand --Water as it applies to the function of enzymes / J.A. Kornblatt and M.J.

Kornblatt --Aquaglyceroporins: channel proteins with a conserved core, multiple A list of progress levels towards mastery. Each section presents a sub-progress percentage. Once you've reached % on each level, you've achieved mastery.

Tab to the control panel and use left/right keys to navigate. Up next for you: Diffusion, osmosis, and tonicity Get 3 of 4 questions to level up.

Passive transport Get 3 of 4 questions to A second recent development in water transport across biological membranes is the discovery of a ubiquitous family of water transport proteins that facilitate large‐volume water translocation.

Like water diffusion through lipid bilayers, water transport by these proteins is directed by osmosis and is therefore under the control of ATP and ion (94)   Biological Membranes e l ac sem•Ti • Inhomogeneity of biological membranes 60 x 60 Å Pure POPE 5 ns ~, atoms by: J.

Siewert-Jan Marrink and Prof. Alan E. Mark, University of Groningen, The Netherlands Coarse grain modeling of lipids 9 particles. particles   Introduction to Biological Membranes: Composition, Structure and Function, Second Edition is a greatly expanded revision of the first edition that integrates many aspects of complex biological membrane functions with their composition and structure.

A single membrane is composed of hundreds of proteins and thousands of lipids, all in constant ://   Special membrane transport proteins are responsible for transferring such solutes across cell membranes. These proteins occur in many forms and in all types of biological membranes.

Each protein transports a particular class of molecule (such as ions, sugars, or amino acids) and often only certain molecular species of the :// Membrane Physiology (Second Edition) is a soft-cover book containing portions of Physiology of Membrane Disorders (Second Edition).

The parent volume contains six major sections. This text encompasses the first three sections: The Nature of Biological Membranes, Methods for Studying Membranes, and General Problems in Membrane  › Medicine › Internal Medicine. Which of these statements about the composition of membranes is true.

A) All biological membranes contain cholesterol. B) Free fatty acids are major components of all membranes. C) The inner and outer membranes of mitochondria have different protein compositions.

D) The lipid composition of all membranes of eukaryotic cells is essentially the :// Book Description. This graduate text, suitable for students in physiology and biophysics, and medical students specializing in neurophysiology and related fields, is a comprehensive discussion of biological mass transfer and bioelectrical ://   Negatively and positively charged lamellar MXene membranes with confined 2D nanofluidic channels give high‐efficient osmotic energy harvesting, with a high output power density of W m −2 by mixing artificial sea water (SW) and river water (RW), which is (ISSN)ic-membranes.

This book addresses the possibilities and challenges in mimicking biological membranes and creating membrane-based sensor and separation devices. It covers recent advances in developing biomimetic membranes for technological applications with a focus on the use of integral membrane protein mediated :// As the transport of water across membranes by aquaporins is an important component of rapid plant cell elongation, the role of the tobacco aquaporin Nt aquaporin (AQP)1 in the epinastic response Book: General Biology (Boundless) Osmosis and Semipermeable Membranes.

Osmosis is the movement of water through a semipermeable membrane according to the concentration gradient of water across the membrane, which is inversely proportional to the concentration of solutes. A type of biological membrane that will allow certain molecules or :_General.

Biological membranes is practical based and wherever possible should be linked to Module 1: Development of practical skills in biology and to practical activities. The practical work can be extended, as suggested in the activities ‘Betaling around’, ‘Let’s diffuse’ and ‘Potato heads’ (Curriculum content activities).

/delivery-guide-bbdgbiological-membranes-biology-a. The structure and function of cells are critically dependent on membranes, which not only separate the interior of the cell from its environment but also define the internal compartments of eukaryotic cells, including the nucleus and cytoplasmic organelles.

The formation of biological membranes is based on the properties of lipids, and all cell membranes share a common structural organization solute transport in plants Download solute transport in plants or read online books in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get solute transport in plants book now.

This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you :// The book includes a review of the results of water permeability measurements on artificial lipid bilayer membranes, and discusses permeability data on biological membranes.

Written for both the general reader- physiologist, biophysicist, student, or chemist - and the specialist actively engaged in research, the material is neither too obscure Water potential is a measure of the potential energy in water, specifically, water movement between two systems. Water potential can be defined as the difference in potential energy between any given water sample and pure water (at atmospheric pressure and ambient temperature).

Water potential is denoted by the Greek letter Ψ (psi) and is expressed in units of pressure (pressure is a form of The movement of fluid and solutes across biological membranes facilitates the transport of nutrients for living organisms and maintains the fluid and osmotic pressures in biological systems.

Understanding the pressure balances across membranes is crucial for studying fluid and electrolyte homeostasis in living systems, and is an area of active ://?id=/ We measured concentration changes of sodium, potassium, chloride ions, pH and the transepithelial potential difference by means of ion-selective electrodes, which were placed on both sides of a human bronchial epithelial 16HBE14σ cell line grown on a porous support in the presence of ion channel blockers.

We found that, in the isosmotic transepithelial concentration gradient of either sodium Rectification in biological membranes is discussed in terms of four models: simple electrodiffusion based on the constant field approximation, without and with surface charge on the inner side of In fact, the observation of saturation kinetics in glucose transport in erythrocyte membranes was the first indication of protein-mediated transport (the GLUT 1 glucose transporter).

Another telling observation was the finding that glucose permeability through erythrocyte membranes is a million times greater than that through an artificial lipid ://:_Cells_.

The fast and selective water transport in biological membranes is achieved by means of aquaporins, specialized trance-membrane proteins. The osmotic water permeability of aquaporins was shown to be in the range of 6×10 - 11×10 cm 3 sec -1 channel -1 for AQP1 (Saparov et al. ) and their ion rejection exceeds by far the ion Biological membranes are composed of lipid, protein, and carbohydrate that exist in a fluid state.

Biological membranes are the structures that define and control the composition of the space that they enclose. All membranes exist as dynamic structures whose composition changes throughout the ?bookid=§ionid= Active transport mechanisms, collectively called pumps, work against electrochemical gradients.

Small substances constantly pass through plasma membranes. Active transport maintains concentrations of ions and other substances needed by living cells in the face of these passive ://   Biological Membranes and Transport. The first living cell probably came into being when a membrane formed, separating that cell's precious contents from the rest of the universe.

Membranes defme the external boundary of cells and regulate the molecular traffic across that boundary; they divide the internal space into discrete compartments to. Finally, in tissues where water transport is regulated, the proteins are stored in intracel- lular vesicles which fuse with the plasma membrane upon a signal from a hormone such as vasopressin [lo].

The following are important recent reviews on water transport across biological membranes. For water chan-(94)The Structure of Biological Membranes, Third Edition provides readers with an understanding of membrane structure and function that is rooted in the history of the field and brought to the forefront of current knowledge.

The first part of the book focuses on the /p/book/A number of researchers begun to pay closer attention to carbon nanotubes because of the resemblance between their fluid transport characteristics and the water transport channels in biological type of membranes.

Successful experimental instance of fluid flow in a CNT membrane was first observed in For this experiment, well-aligned

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